Course

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Scientific Disciplinary Sector Code

Contact Hours

Exercise Hours

Laboratory Hours

Personal Study Hours

Type of Activity

Optional materials and exam in a foreign language

Language

14962 
Mathematics and Principles of Statistics
(objectives)
The course of "Mathematics and principles of statistics" aims at providing students with the basic tools of mathematical analysis and statistics in order to be able to study, analyze and discuss real situations and phenomena through the use of mathematical models and statistical tools. With specific reference to the Dublin Descriptors, the learning objectives are set out as follows:
Knowledge understanding : at the end of the course, students will acquire specific knowledge on the methodologies of mathematical and statistical analysis to read, describe, specify and interpret a real phenomenon through technical tools of mathematical and statistical nature. With reference to the topics of mathematical analysis, students will develop methodological knowledge and will be provided with the basic tools to study linear and transcendental functions both through the study of limits and of differential calculus; they will also be able to elaborate real problems through the use of linear algebra and matrix calculus. As far as the notions of statistics are concerned, the aim of the course is to provide students with the methodological knowledge and the ability to use methods and tools for: a) the descriptive analysis of data; b) the introduction to the study of phenomena under conditions of uncertainty, through the notions of probability theory and random variables; c) the study of relationships between variables both from a descriptive point of view and an introduction to modelling through linear functions.
Applying knowledge and understanding: at the end of the course, students will have acquired methodological knowledge and analytical skills and will be able to autonomously interpret analyses and empirical researches on the most relevant areas of intervention, also applied, relevant and related to the degree course. Students will be able to: i) evaluate the results of empirical analyses; consider the appropriateness of the mathematical and statistical methodologies used; identify any limitations of the analyses carried out and consider the use of alternative approaches;.
Making judgements: the course is aimed at encouraging a critical approach to the use of different approaches, methods and techniques for mathematicalstatistical modelling and data analysis for the interpretation of phenomena applied in the fields of interest of the degree course. Students: i) will develop critical skills on the use of various methods in relation to the analysis objectives of the phenomenon under study; ii) will be able to evaluate the contribution of a specific mathematical and data analysis methodology to the study of real phenomena, including complex ones; iii) will develop the ability to coherently integrate the contribution provided by quantitative analysis methods with the student's interdisciplinary skills.
Communication skills: students will have developed specific skills to communicate unambiguously and clearly the analysis scheme adopted for the empirical study and to model, through mathematical analysis and statistics, real phenomena. The ability to communicate effectively will also be validated through the verification of logicalargumentative and synthesis skills.
Learning skills: the teaching methodologies used during the course and the use of learning verification methods focused on the study of real functions and analysis of problems based on the study of empirical distributions will contribute to strengthen the students' ability of autonomy of judgement and the development of selflearning skills.
Group:
1

SECONDI Luca
( syllabus)
Introduction and review of basic mathematical notions. Natural numbers, sum and product of natural numbers. Neutral element and inverses. Relative numbers and rational numbers. Irrational and real numbers. Consistency and density of the real numbers. Units of measurement and conversion factors. Intervals. Operations. Scientific notation. Approximations. Equations and inequalities. Sets, inclusion relation, set representation with EuleroVenn diagrams. Intersection, union, difference. Complement operation and cartesian product. Properties of the set operations. Functions and Properties of function. Injective, surjective, bijective functions. Real Functions of a Real Variable and their Geometrical Representation: graph, domain, codomain and image. Symmetry. Increasing and decreasing functions. Dependent and independent variables. Functional notation. Range and domain. The graph of a function. Function transformations: shifting, stretching, reflecting, sum, product and composition. Inverse functions. Onetoone and invertible functions. Determining the graph and equation of the inverse. Algebraic functions. Linear functions, quadratic functions, polynomial, power and rational functions. Transcendental functions: exponential and logarithmic functions. Introduction to trigonometric functions. Function composition. The inverse function. Limits and Continuity. Definition of limits, properties and calculating the limits. Limits of functions, continuity and asymptotes. Derivatives The Tangent to a Curve and the Derivative of a Function. Definition and calculation of derivative: algebraic and transcendental functions. The First and Second Derivatives. Left and right derivatives, higher order derivatives. Necessary condition of differentiability (with proof). Non differentiable functions.. Global and local maximum and minimum. Extreme value theorem. Differentiability and monotonicity. Differentiability and local extremes. Concavity and inflection points (with proofs). Necessary and sufficient conditions for the existence of inflection points (with proofs). De l’Hospital Theorem. Integration. Definite integration. Integrable and non integrable functions. Properties of the definite integral. Indefinite integration and antiderivatives. The fundamental theorem of calculus. Integration formulas. Integration by part and substitution.
Linear algebra. Vectors, vector spaces, geometric representation of vectors, linear dependence and independence. Matrices and properties. Determinants. Properties of determinants. Rank of a matrix. Matrix operations. Systems of linear equations. RouchéCapelli theorem. Cramer rule. Eigenvalues and eigenvectors. Statistics. Notions of descriptive statistics: variables, categories and statistical units. Frequency distribution and graphical representations. Position measures: mean, median and mode. Variability and shape of a distribution. Analysis of the association between two characters, the ordinary least squares (OLS) estimator. Introduction to the linear regression models. Introduction to probability. Notion of event. Probability distributions. Axioms of probability. Independent events and incompatible events. Conditional probability. Bayes theorem. Random variables and probability distributions. Introduction to statistical inference and the theory of hypothesis testing.
( reference books)
REFERENCE TEXTS:
in English:  Lial, M. L., Hungerford, T. W., Holcomb, J. P., & Mullins, B. (2018). Mathematics with applications: in the management, natural, and social sciences. Pearson.  Whitlock M.C., Schluter D (2020) Analysis of Biological Data (International Edition  Third Edition)
in Italian:  Cea D., Secondi L. (2022) Elementi di Statistica e Matematica per le scienze applicate. Libreria Universitaria editrice, in corso di stampa Bodine et al (2017) Matematica per le scienze della vita. UTET  Guerraggio A. (2018) Matematica per le scienze. Pearson  Monti, A. (2008). Introduzione alla statistica. Slides of the course and exercises made available in the student's portal.
Group:
2

MILLIANI Sara
( syllabus)
Introductory notions: reminders of numerical calculation. Measurement units and conversion factors. Operations. Scientific notation. Approximations. Equalities and inequalities. Percentages. Elements of analytical geometry: Cartesian coordinates. Lines and segments. Conical. Equations and inequalities. Concepts of set theory. Basic descriptive statistics and data analysis: distribution of a statistical character and its graphical representation. Measures of position, variability and shape of a distribution. Analysis of the association between two characters, the method of least squares and introduction to linear regression models. Notion of function and property. Algebraic functions: linear, quadratic, polynomial functions, power functions and rational functions. Transcendent functions: exponential and logarithmic functions. Introduction to trigonometric functions. The functional composition. functional inversion. The definition in parts. Introduction to modeling for discretetime systems. Linear algebra: vectors, vector spaces, geometric representation of vectors, linear dependence and independence. Matrices and determinants. Rank of a matrix. Matrix operations. Systems of linear equations. RouchéCapelli theorem. Cramer's rule. Eigenvalues and eigenvectors. Combinatorial calculus and elements of probability theory. Event concept. Probability distributions. Probability axioms. Independent and incompatible events. Conditional probability. Bayes theorem. Random variables and probability distributions. Introduction to statistical inference and hypothesis testing theory.
Definition of limit, properties and calculation of limits. Limits of functions, continuity and asymptotes. Qualitative study of functions. Definition and calculus of derivatives: algebraic functions and transcendental functions. Growth and decrease. Minimums and maximums. Concavity and convexity. Taylor development. Introduction to partial derivatives. Integral calculus: definition of integral, properties of the integral. Indefinite integral. Integration by parts, integration by substitution. Definite integrals.
( reference books)
 Cea D., Secondi L. (2022) Elementi di Statistica e Matematica per le scienze applicate. Libreria Universitaria editrice, in corso di stampa  Materiale didattico supplementare prodotto dal docente e fornito agli studenti a seguito di ogni lezione

7

MAT/05

48

8





Basic compulsory activities


ITA 
16173 
Animal Biology
(objectives)
The main aim of the course is to provide all the basics for understanding the correlation between morphology, anatomy and function of organs and systems in invertebrate and vertebrate taxa. The main knowledge to be acquired will concern:  basic elements of taxonomy and classification; elements of population genetics  evolutionary theories  the main adaptations of animals in relation to the living environment  the systematics of the most important animal phyla. The main skills (i.e. the ability to use the acquired knowledge) will be: 1) the use of the optical microscope for the systematic classification of the main invertebrate groups, as well as the systematic evaluation of whole animal preparations under formaldehyde and the anatomical reconstruction of animals through plastic models; 2) Link the differences of the anatomophysiological organization of animals to the different ecological niches they occupy. EXPECTED LEARNING RESULTS In the evaluation of the student, the level of knowledge of the topics covered, the ability to analyze and to apply the acquired knowledge as well as the autonomy of judgment will be taken into account. The capacity for synthesis, mastery of expression and communication and the ability to make connections within the discipline or interdisciplinary will be also considered.
Group:
1

DELLA BELLA Valentina
( syllabus)
The kingdoms of the living. Prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells. The animal cell: PLASMA MEMBRANE: structure and functions. ENDOMEMBRANE system: Rough endoplasmic reticule and ribosomes: Role in protein synthesis and maturation. Smooth endoplasmic reticulum. Golgi apparatus. Endocytosis and exocytosis. Lysosomes. Basics of METABOLISM. Glycolysis. Aerobic metabolism: Mitochondria, peroxisomes. CYTOSCHELETER and cell motility: Microfilaments, Microtubules, Intermediate filaments. MEMBRANE JUNCTIONS: structural and functional correlation with the cytoskeleton. NUCLEUS (eukaryotic cells): Nuclear envelope, nuclear lamina, nuclear pores, chromatin, nucleus. CELL REPRODUCTION: Mitosis, Meiosis (1CFU)  The genetic basis of variability: mutation, recombination, selection; Micro and macroevolution. Origin and evolution of species: speciation and speciation mechanisms;  history of evolutionary theories  formal genetics: Mendel's laws;  population genetics: the gene pool, the Hardy Weinberg theory, natural and experimental distribution and modification of genetic variability,  structure and function of the animal body. The organism: asexual and sexual reproduction, spermatogenesis, oogenesis and fertilization, respiration, circulation, excretion and osmotic regulation, digestion, movement, nervous system and sense organs, embryonic development, direct and indirect development, metamorphosis.  interpretation of animal genomes; physiological adaptation mechanisms of the species in relation to the chemicalphysical variables; animal behavior in relation to reproduction and environmental variables. (3CFU)  Main animal phyla (general characteristics): Protists. Porifera. Coelenterates. Platyhelminthes. Nematodes. Rotifers. Annelids. Molluscs. Arthropods. Echinoderms. Chordates. (4 CFU)
( reference books)
 Fondamenti di Zoologia. Hickman et al. MC Graw & Hill  Diversità animale. Hickman et al. Mc Graw & Hill  Alternativily available in a SINGLE VOLUME: HICKMAN et al. Zoologia (18° ed.) Mc Graw & Hill
Solomon E.P., Berg L. R., Martin D.W. BIOLOGIA. (settima ediz.) Edises Russell P.J., Wolfe S.L., Hertz P.E., Starr C., McMillan B. BIOLOGIA (2010) Edises D. SADAVA, H. C. HELLER, G. H ORIANS, W. K PURVES, D. M. HILLIS. Biologia. Quarta edizione italiana. 2015 (possibly also volumes 2, 3, 5, 6 only)  Raven P.H., Johnson G.B. Biologia. Piccin ed., 2012 (also as single volumes).
Group:
2

FOCHETTI Romolo
( syllabus)
The kingdoms of the living. Prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells. The animal cell: PLASMA MEMBRANE: structure and functions. ENDOMEMBRANE system: Rough endoplasmic reticule and ribosomes: Role in protein synthesis and maturation. Smooth endoplasmic reticulum. Golgi apparatus. Endocytosis and exocytosis. Lysosomes. Basics of METABOLISM. Glycolysis. Aerobic metabolism: Mitochondria, peroxisomes. CYTOSCHELETER and cell motility: Microfilaments, Microtubules, Intermediate filaments. MEMBRANE JUNCTIONS: structural and functional correlation with the cytoskeleton. NUCLEUS (eukaryotic cells): Nuclear envelope, nuclear lamina, nuclear pores, chromatin, nucleus. CELL REPRODUCTION: Mitosis, Meiosis (1CFU)  The genetic basis of variability: mutation, recombination, selection; Micro and macroevolution. Origin and evolution of species: speciation and speciation mechanisms;  history of evolutionary theories  formal genetics: Mendel's laws;  population genetics: the gene pool, the HardyWeinberg theory, natural and experimental distribution and modification of genetic variability,  structure and function of the animal body. The organism: asexual and sexual reproduction, spermatogenesis, oogenesis and fertilization, respiration, circulation, excretion and osmotic regulation, digestion, movement, nervous system and sense organs, embryonic development, direct and indirect development, metamorphosis.  interpretation of animal genomes; physiological adaptation mechanisms of the species in relation to the chemicalphysical variables; animal behavior in relation to reproduction and environmental variables. (3CFU)  Main animal phyla (general characteristics): Protists. Porifera. Coelenterates. Platyhelminthes. Nematodes. Rotifers. Annelids. Molluscs. Arthropods. Echinoderms. Chordates. (4 CFU)
( reference books)
 Solomon E.P., Berg L. R., Martin D.W. BIOLOGIA. (settima ediz.) Edises Russell P.J., Wolfe S.L., Hertz P.E., Starr C., McMillan B. BIOLOGIA (2010) Edises D. SADAVA, H. C. HELLER, G. H ORIANS, W. K PURVES, D. M. HILLIS. Biologia. Quarta edizione italiana. 2015 (possibly also volumes 2, 3, 5, 6 only)  Raven P.H., Johnson G.B. Biologia. Piccin ed., 2012 (also as single volumes).  Fondamenti di Zoologia. Hickman et al. MC Graw & Hill  Diversità animale. Hickman et al. Mc Graw & Hill

8

BIO/05

56



8



Core compulsory activities


ITA 
119537 
Plant Biology and Principles of Plant Biotechnology
(objectives)
The objective of this course is to develop knowledge and skills in understanding plant cytology, anatomy and morphology. This knowledge and skills will be applied in understanding the functioning mechanism of plant organisms in terms of photosynthetic activity, water transport and reproductive processes.In addition, the student will develop skills in learning about the plant world that will then be useful in the continuation of his or her course of study.In educational terms, the student will be stimulated in the learning process and will develop independent assessment, judgment and communication skills. The objective of the principles of plant biotechnology is to develop knowledge and understanding of the basics of biotechnology applied to the plant. This applying knowledge will be a tool for understanding the role of the plant world to the transformation and obtaining of functional products. Making judgments and learning skills will be the ultimate goal of the course, the students will also enable them to develop the communication skills necessary for further education.
Group:
1

TIEZZI Antonio
( syllabus)
Program
Articulation and contents of the course (study program): The course is divided into two parts:
Part of Plant Biology (5 + 1 CFU) Plant organisms The notion of plant organism. Biodiversity. Plants and man: ecological, economic and social aspects The plant cell The cell wall: biosynthesis, structure, chemical composition and function. The cytoplasmic membrane: structure, chemical composition and function. The nucleus and the nucleolus. Mitochondria, microcorps, dictiosomes. The plastids. Chloroplast: structural and functional aspects. Photosynthesis. Physiological aspects of the photosynthesis process. The cytoskeleton: microtubules, microfilaments, associated structural proteins and molecular motors. Peculiar aspects of the cell division process: the preprophasic band, the mitotic spindle, the fragmoplast. Plants: structure and function Vegetable fabrics. Primary and secondary meristematic tissues. Fundamental, supportive, integumental, absorption, secretory and conductive tissues. The root: functions of the root, primary and secondary structure, lateral and adventitious roots; absorption of water and minerals. The transport of raw sap. The stem: functions of the stem, primary structure in monocotyledons and dicotyledons; vascular crib change, secondary structure; cork, phellogen and phelloderma. The leaf: form, structure and function; epidermis, mesophyll, conductive bundles; the stoma: anatomy and stomatal mechanism. The transport of the processed sap. The flower: the gynaeceum and the androceum. The pollination. The fruit: development of the embryo; endosperm; fruit development. The seed: structural aspects; dissemination. Elements of classification of plants.
Part of Introduction to Plant Biotechnology (2CFU) What are Biotechnologies. The old biotechnologies for food production: hydroponic cultures, plant cell cultures. The Green Revolution of the 50s70s of the last century. Examples of current applications of Plant Biotechnology: Biotechnologies from transformed plants and from unprocessed plants, plant biotechnologies for food quality improvement, new applications of hydroponic crops, new applications of plant cell cultures, biomass. The transformation of plants, Molecular Farming, vaccine plants, plants for the production of Biofuels and Bioplastics, molecules of plant origin for the production of drugs. Considerations: Plant biotechnologies and their impact on society. Positive and negative effects in economic, employment, environmental and health terms.
( reference books)
Referral texts for Plant Biology:  Pasqua G., Abbate G., Forni C., Botanica Generale e Diversità Vegetale, Piccin Editore, Padova.  Mauseth J.D.,, II° edizione italiana, Botanica (parte generale), Idelson Gnocchi Editori, Napoli.  Rost T.L., Barbour M.G., Stocking C.R., Murphy T.M., I° edizione italiana, Biologia delle piante, Zanichelli Editore, Bologna.
Referral texts for Introduction to Plant Biotecnology:  Tiezzi A. Biotecnologie Vegetali, il futuro che viene da lontano. Argomenti per una riflessione”. Casa Editrice Aracne, Roma, 2011.  Tiezzi A. Dispensa "La Scienza ci dice....", 2022.
The teacher makes available all the slides shown during the course.
Group:
2

LAGHEZZA MASCI VALENTINA
( syllabus)
Introduction to Plant Biotechnology (2CFU) What are Biotechnologies. The old biotechnologies for food production: hydroponic cultures, plant cell cultures. The Green Revolution of the 50s70s of the last century. Examples of current applications of Plant Biotechnology: • Biotechnologies from transformed plants and from unprocessed plants, plant biotechnologies for food quality improvement, new applications of hydroponic crops, new applications of plant cell cultures, biomass. • The transformation of plants, Molecular Farming, vaccine plants, plants for the production of Biofuels and Bioplastics, molecules of plant origin for the production of drugs. Considerations: Plant biotechnologies and their impact on society. Positive and negative effects in economic, employment, environmental and health terms.
( reference books)
Referral texts for Introduction to Plant Biotecnology:  Tiezzi A. Biotecnologie Vegetali, il futuro che viene da lontano. Argomenti per una riflessione”. Casa Editrice Aracne, Roma, 2011.  Tiezzi A. Dispensa "La Scienza ci dice....", 2022.  Pasqua G., Forni C. Biotecnologie Vegetali, Piccin Editore, Padova. The teacher makes available all the slides shown during the course.

Derived from
119491_1 Biologia vegetale in Scienze Forestali e Ambientali L25 OVIDI ELISA
( syllabus)
Plant organisms The notion of plant organism. Biodiversity. Plants and man: ecological, economic and social aspects The plant cell The cell wall: biosynthesis, structure, chemical composition and function. The cytoplasmic membrane: structure, chemical composition and function. The nucleus and the nucleolus. Mitochondria, microcorps, dictiosomes. The plastids. Chloroplast: structural and functional aspects. Photosynthesis. Physiological aspects of the photosynthesis process. The cytoskeleton: microtubules, microfilaments, associated structural proteins and molecular motors. Peculiar aspects of the cell division process: the preprophasic band, the mitotic spindle, the fragmoplast. Plants: structure and function Vegetable fabrics. Primary and secondary meristematic tissues. Fundamental, supportive, integumental, absorption, secretory and conductive tissues. The root: functions of the root, primary and secondary structure, lateral and adventitious roots; absorption of water and minerals. The transport of raw sap. The stem: functions of the stem, primary structure in monocotyledons and dicotyledons; vascular crib change, secondary structure; cork, phellogen and phelloderma. The leaf: form, structure and function; epidermis, mesophyll, conductive bundles; the stoma: anatomy and stomatal mechanism. The transport of the processed sap. The flower: the gynaeceum and the androceum. The pollination. The fruit: development of the embryo; endosperm; fruit development. The seed: structural aspects; dissemination.
( reference books)
Referral texts for Plant Biology:  Pasqua G., Abbate G., Forni C., Botanica Generale e Diversità Vegetale, Piccin Editore, Padova.  Mauseth J.D., II° edizione italiana, Botanica (parte generale), Idelson Gnocchi Editori, Napoli.  Rost T.L., Barbour M.G., Stocking C.R., Murphy T.M., I° edizione italiana, Biologia delle piante, Zanichelli Editore, Bologna.
The teacher makes available all the slides shown during the course

8

BIO/01

64







Basic compulsory activities


ITA 