Expected learning outcomes Knowledge and understanding: develop knowledge of the fundamental principles of Physics and related methodologies. Ability to apply knowledge and understanding: to use the notions learned even in contexts other than those presented. Autonomy of judgment: develop critical analytical skills and be able to solve new problems even if similar to those discussed in class. Communication skills: discuss the implications of concepts presented in class and the possible questions that may emerge from the topics covered. Learning ability: be able to discuss fundamental scientific issues of Physics and its applications
Models, theories, laws, measures and uncertainties. Unit of measurement (International System). Physics and its relationship with other disciplines. Motion description: kinematics in one dimension. Two-dimensional kinematics; carriers. Force, mass. Newton's laws. Circular motion. Law of gravitation Work. Kinetic energy. Power. Conservative forces. Potential energy. Conservation of mechanical energy. Momentum. Rotary motion. Vibrations and waves (harmonic motion, sound). Bodies in balance: elasticity. Fluids (static, dynamic, viscosity, surface tension). Review of: temperature and kinetic theory, heat, principles of thermodynamics, thermal machines. Electric charge and electric field. Electric potential and electricity; capacity. Dielectrics. Electric currents. Current circuits Magnetism. Electromagnetic induction and Faraday's laws. Magnetic properties of matter. Electromagnetic waves and their spectrum. Light: geometric optics. Wave nature of light (interference, diffraction, spectroscopy, polarization). Optical instruments. Quantum theory: Black body radiation and Planck hypothesis, Photoelectric effect. Radioactive decay. Measurement of ionizing radiation doses.