The course forms part of the field of knowledge of the multi-purpose and sustainable management of the forest resources and the utilization of wood and non wood-based products. The course will provide students with the knowledge on corology, ecology and silviculture of the main forest species in Europe, in the perspective to apply this knowledge to the management of complex territorial systems. Students completing the course will develop a good ability to: - choose of the best silvicultural system to achieve the forest management objectives. - evaluate the effects of silvicultural systems on the forest attitude to provide specific goods and services. - estimate the ecological and social consequences of forest management at a territorial scale.
1. Introduction and objectives of the course. Near-to-nature silviculture and sustainable silviculture: theoretical basis and applicative principles. Effects of silviculture on the genetic characteristics of forests. Forest resources in Europe: an integrated perspective on ecosystem services, disturbances and threats. Brief outline of forest bio-based economy in Europe. 2. European forests: an ecological overview. Forest vegetation belts in Italy. European forest classifications. European Forest Types: tree species matrix. Past forests of Europe. Silviculture of Mediterranean and temperate forests, in particular: 3. Silvics and silviculture of Mediterranean forests: Mediterranean macchia; Mediterranean pine stands, (Pinus halepensis, P. pinaster, P. pinea); evergreen oak stands (Quercus ilex, Q. suber, Q. coccifera). Wood production in Mediterranean forests. Silviculture of minor tree species of the Mediterranean environment. 4. Silvics and silviculture of plain / sub mountain forests: deciduous oak stands (Quercus robur, Q. petraea, Q. pubescens, Q. frainetto, Q. cerris, Q. trojana); chestnut stands (Castanea sativa). Brief outline on silvics and silviculture of the main broadleaf species related to the deciduous oak stands (Carpinus spp., Acer spp., Fraxinus spp.). Outline on the riparian tree vegetation in Europe. Wood production in plain / sub-mountain forests. 5. Silvics and silviculture of mountain forests: European beech stands (Fagus sylvatica); European silver fir stands (Abies alba); Mountain pine stands (P. sylvestris, P. nigra, P. laricio, P. leucodermis). Brief outline on silvics and silviculture of valuable broadleved stands (Acer spp., Tilia spp., Fraxinus excelsior, Prunus avium). Wood production in mountain forests 6. Silvics and silviculture of subalpine forests: Norway spruce stands (Picea abies); European larch, stone pine, Swiss mountain pine, dwarf pine stands (Larix decidua, Pinus cembra, Pinus uncinata, Pinus mugo). Wood production in subalpine forests. Silviculture in protection forests. 7. Outline of forest reproductive material and forest nursery techniques. Technical principles for the establishment and management of forest plantations. Outline on clonal forestry, short rotation forestry, forest restoration.
San-Miguel-Ayanz, J., de Rigo, D., Caudullo, G., Houston Durrant, T., Mauri, A. (Eds.), 2016. European Atlas of Forest Tree Species. Publication Office of the European Union, Luxembourg. Kelty, M. J., Larson, B. C., & Oliver, C. D. (Eds.). (2013). The ecology and silviculture of mixed-species forests: a festschrift for David M. Smith (Vol. 40). Springer Science & Business Media. (Class. Bibl. 574.52642). Silviculture Handbook. Wisconsin DNR, Publication Number 2431.5, Madison: Wisconsin DNR, 2010. www.dnr.state.wi.us/forestry/Publications/H andbooks/24315/
Bioindustry in Forest-wood chain. Knowledge of wood cascade use and exploitation of biomass to produce traditional and innovative wood-based composites. Wood improvements chracateristics by eco-frIendly and susitainable modification. All the topic will be related to regulations and to European technical standards (EN).New wood polymer composites
Rowell. 2013. Handbook of wood chemistry and wood composites. CRC Press Ansell 2015, Wood Composites. Elsevier publishing. Slides of the teacher. Tsoumis 1991. Wood Science and Technology APA Engineered wood handbook Suggested Review Articles by the teacher
Dates of beginning and end of teaching activities
From 27/02/2022 to 09/06/2022
At a distance
A project evaluation
Objectives of the course
Università degli Studi della Tuscia - Rettorato, Via S.M. in Gradi n.4, 01100 Viterbo, ITALY - Tel. 0761.3571