Criminology appears today as a complex science in that it is both theoretical and practical, in that it aims to limit the social damages of crime. It includes the criminal sciences that study crime from various points of view, not only from that of the perpetrator of the crime but also from that of the victim, and integrates many human sciences into its own activity (sociology, forensic medicine, psychology, statistics , biology, ballistics, physics, information technology, etc.). In fact, since the beginning of scientific Criminology, almost all the main authors have ventured into the difficult task of creating a descriptive system that would allow the classification, diagnosis and, if possible, a prognostic and therapeutic indication of the various forms of criminal conduct. To better understand modern criminology, one cannot ignore the historical roots of the same discipline and the knowledge of its evolution over time in correspondence with the evolution of society and its criminal and criminal manifestations. The concept of Criminology is in fact, still in the evolutionary stage today. The study approach that we tend to favor today is to look at the criminal fact as determined by a pluralism of interacting factors, given precisely by the integration and interaction of social, anthropological, psychological, legal, medical-biological factors, educational and environmental. TRAINING OBJECTIVES: - acquisition by the students of the historical, theoretical and legal foundations of the discipline; - knowledge of the main areas of applicability of Criminology; - knowledge of the roles and skills of a criminologist to support investigative activity and the design of security and crime prevention strategies in response to the needs of contemporary society; - development of skills that favor the reading and application of criminological science in a multidisciplinary and interdisciplinary sense in the vast context of Forensic Sciences.
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