Teacher

BALDACCHINI Chiara
(syllabus)
Physics (56 hours) Models, theories, laws, measures and uncertainties. Unit of measurement (International System). Description of motion: kinematics in one dimension, kinematics in two dimensions, carriers. Force and mass. Newton's laws. Circular motion. Law of gravitation. Work. Kinetic energy. Power. Conservative forces. Potential energy. Conservation of mechanical energy. Quantity of motion. Rotational motion. Vibrations and waves (harmonic motion, sound). Bodies in balance. Fluids (static, dynamic, viscosity, surface tension). Recalls of: temperature and kinetic theory, heat, principles of thermodynamics, thermal machines, entropy. Electric charge and electric field. Electric potential and electric power; capacity. Dielectrics. Electric currents. Circuits in direct current. Magnetism. Electromagnetic induction and Faraday laws. Magnetic properties of matter. Electromagnetic waves and their spectrum. Light: geometric optics. Wave nature of light (interference, diffraction, spectroscopy, polarization). Optical instruments. Quantum theory and Photoelectric effect. Models of the atom. De Broglie's length and hypothesis. Electronic and atomic force microscopy. Quantum Mechanics and quantum numbers. Radioactive decay. Measurement of doses of ionizing radiation.
Physics Laboratory (16 hours) The experimental method, the experimental measure, the measuring instruments. Units of measurement, units of scale, dimensional analysis. Measurement errors: random and systematic errors. Assessing uncertainties in direct measures. Significant digits. Discrepancy. Errors in repeated measurements: average as best estimate, standard deviation, standard deviation of the mean. Gaussian distribution. Error propagation: sum and differences, products and quotients. Calculating errors for functions of a variable and for functions of multiple variables. Least squares method. Correlation coefficient. Graphs: linear scale, semilogarithmic scale, logarithmic scale. Laboratory experiences:  Theory of Errors  Calorimetry  Use of multimeter and Ohm's Law  Optics
(reference books)
 Giancoli “Fisica ” edizione con Fisica Moderna  III Edizione Casa Editrice Ambrosiana  Taylor “Introduzione all'analisi degli errori. Lo studio delle incertezze nelle misure fisiche”  Zanichelli
