1. Knowledge and understanding. To develop during the lessons the knowledge on the characteristics of the main Mediterranean and temperate forests in an integrated perspective with ecological and silvicultural aspects. Ability to understand the evolving dynamics of forest systems, both natural and/or man-made, in relation to the objectives of sustainable forest management. 2. Applying knowledge and understanding. Ability to apply knowledge and understanding in order to define culture criteria and modalities for adaptive forest management of forest formations. To be able to apply methodologies for analysis and planning of forest management systems on a territorial scale. Describe and provide scientific and application topics related to the various forest management issues. 3. Making judgement. Being able to develop interdisciplinary connection skills and critical discussion of course content. Develop critical interpretation skills and discussion of experiences or experimental results in the forestry sector similar to those discussed during lessons. 4. Communication skills. Ability to communicate with clarity and conviction the forestry knowledge acquired during the course or through the analysis of scientific articles or other publications in the forestry sector. These skills will be developed through the active involvement of students in class discussions or during practice sessions on different forest issues 5. Learning skills Condition for successful learning skills is to develop the ability to re-organise and synthesize in autonomy the interdisciplinary knowledge on forest science to be applied to the silviculture of Mediterranean and temperate forests.
1. Introduction and objectives of the course. Near-to-nature silviculture and sustainable silviculture: theoretical basis and applicative principles. Effects of silviculture on the genetic characteristics of forests. Forest resources in Europe: an integrated perspective on ecosystem services, disturbances and threats. Brief outline of forest bio-based economy in Europe. 2. European forests: an ecological overview. Forest vegetation belts in Italy. European forest classifications. European Forest Types: tree species matrix. Past forests of Europe. Silviculture of Mediterranean and temperate forests, in particular: 3. Silvics and silviculture of Mediterranean forests: Mediterranean macchia; Mediterranean pine stands, (Pinus halepensis, P. pinaster, P. pinea); evergreen oak stands (Quercus ilex, Q. suber, Q. coccifera). Wood production in Mediterranean forests. Silviculture of minor tree species of the Mediterranean environment. 4. Silvics and silviculture of plain / sub mountain forests: deciduous oak stands (Quercus robur, Q. petraea, Q. pubescens, Q. frainetto, Q. cerris, Q. trojana); chestnut stands (Castanea sativa). Brief outline on silvics and silviculture of the main broadleaf species related to the deciduous oak stands (Carpinus spp., Acer spp., Fraxinus spp.). Outline on the riparian tree vegetation in Europe. Wood production in plain / sub-mountain forests. 5. Silvics and silviculture of mountain forests: European beech stands (Fagus sylvatica); European silver fir stands (Abies alba); Mountain pine stands (P. sylvestris, P. nigra, P. laricio, P. leucodermis). Brief outline on silvics and silviculture of valuable broadleved stands (Acer spp., Tilia spp., Fraxinus excelsior, Prunus avium). Wood production in mountain forests 6. Silvics and silviculture of subalpine forests: Norway spruce stands (Picea abies); European larch, stone pine, Swiss mountain pine, dwarf pine stands (Larix decidua, Pinus cembra, Pinus uncinata, Pinus mugo). Wood production in subalpine forests. Silviculture in protection forests. 7. Outline of forest reproductive material and forest nursery techniques. Technical principles for the establishment and management of forest plantations. Outline on clonal forestry, short rotation forestry, forest restoration.
San-Miguel-Ayanz, J., de Rigo, D., Caudullo, G., Houston Durrant, T., Mauri, A. (Eds.), 2016. European Atlas of Forest Tree Species. Publication Office of the European Union, Luxembourg. Silvics of north america: 1. Conifers 2. Hardwoods Agriculture Handbook. Silvics of North America: 1. Conifers 2. Hardwoods Agriculture Handbook 654. Burns, R. M. and B. H. Honkala (technical coordinators), U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service, Washington D. C., 1990. http://na.fs.fed.us/spfo/pubs/silvics_manual/table_ of_contents.htm. Kelty, M. J., Larson, B. C., & Oliver, C. D. (Eds.). (2013). The ecology and silviculture of mixed-species forests: a festschrift for David M. Smith (Vol. 40). Springer Science & Business Media. (Class. Bibl. 574.52642). Helms, J. A. (1998). The dictionary of forestry. (Class. Bibl. 634.903/DIC). Silviculture Handbook. Wisconsin DNR, Publication Number 2431.5, Madison: Wisconsin DNR, 2010. www.dnr.state.wi.us/forestry/Publications/H andbooks/24315/
The books are available in the university library or on the web. Teaching material will be distributed during the course and/or made available on the web.
Innovation in the forestry chain. Knowledge of wood cascade use and exploitation of biomass to produce traditional and innovative wood-based composites. Improvements of wood chracteristics by eco-friendly and sustainable modification. All the topic will be related to regulations and to European technical standards (EN).
References Rowell. 2013. Handbook of wood chemistry and wood composites. CRC Press Slides of the teacher (first draft). Ansell M. Wood Composites. AA.VV. Development of commercial wood preservants. Tsoumis 1991. Wood Science and Technology Suggested Review Articles by the teacher.
Dates of beginning and end of teaching activities
From 02/03/2020 to 12/06/2020
Objectives of the course
Università degli Studi della Tuscia - Rettorato, Via S.M. in Gradi n.4, 01100 Viterbo, ITALY - Tel. 0761.3571